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Unread postPosted: Wed Mar 25, 2009 9:46 pm 
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Allow me to share some of these Health guidelines....Even myself is struggling (kay amo kaliwat),to minimize and avoid the do's and don't of High Blood condition..

HYPERTENSION

Blood pressure is expressed in millimeters of mercury, or mm Hg. High blood pressure is defined as a systolic blood pressure reading greater than 140 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure reading greater than 90 mm Hg. The systolic blood pressure is the top number of a blood pressure reading. This shows the maximum pressure in the blood vessels. Pressure is highest as the heart contracts and circulates blood throughout the body. The diastolic blood pressure is the bottom number of a blood pressure reading. It shows the lowest pressure in the blood vessels. Pressure is lowest between heartbeats, when the heart is at rest.
The National Institutes of Health has further defined high blood pressure. These categories are for people 18 years and older who do not take medication for high blood pressure and do not have a short-term serious illness. These categories are as follows.
Normal blood pressure is a systolic blood pressure of less than 130, and a diastolic pressure of less than 85.
High normal blood pressure is a systolic blood pressure of 130 to 139, and a diastolic pressure of 85 to 89.
Stage 1 high blood pressure is a systolic blood pressure of 140 to 159, and a diastolic pressure of 90 to 99.
Stage 2 high blood pressure is a systolic blood pressure of 160 to 179, and a diastolic pressure of 100 to 109.
Stage 3 high blood pressure is a systolic blood pressure of 180 or higher, or a diastolic blood pressure of 110 or higher.

What is going on in the body?
The heart, blood vessels, brain, and kidneys control blood pressure. Blood pressure is also controlled by the amount of fluid and salt in the body. Certain hormones in the body can affect both blood vessels and body fluids. The force of the contraction of the heart can also affect blood pressure.
In most people who have high blood pressure, the cause is unknown. In this case, high blood pressure is called primary, or essential, hypertension.
What are the causes and risks of the condition?
Ninety to 95% of the time, high blood pressure is labeled as essential hypertension. This means that the cause is unknown. The American Heart Association has identified both controllable and noncontrollable risk factors for high blood pressure.
Uncontrollable risk factors for high blood pressure include age, heredity, and race. In men, high blood pressure occurs most often between 35 and 50 years of age. In women, it generally starts after menopause. An individual is more likely to develop high blood pressure if his or her parents or close relatives have it. Certain races have a higher incidence of high blood pressure. For example, African Americans develop high blood pressure earlier and more often than Caucasians.
Controllable risk factors for high blood pressure include the following:
diet high in sodium
excess or frequent consumption of alcohol
lack of exercise
obesity
smoking
stress that is not well-managed

What can be done to prevent the condition?
The American Heart Association guidelines to reduce high blood pressure include:
for those who smoke, quitting smoking
measurement of blood pressure in adults at least every 2 years to screen for high blood pressure
medications to treat high blood pressure. These are recommended if the person's blood pressure is greater than 140/90 after 3 months of these lifestyle modifications. They are also used if the initial blood pressure is greater than 180/100.
moderate sodium intake
moderation in alcohol intake
physical activity
weight control
What are the long-term effects of the condition?
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to many serious long-term effects. Damage can occur in the brain, kidneys, and heart. There can also be blood vessel damage to the eye. High blood pressure can lead to serious health issues, including the following:
arrhythmias, or irregular heartbeats
atherosclerosis, which is hardening of the arteries
chronic renal failure that requires dialysis or a kidney transplant
congestive heart failure, in which a weakened heart fails to pump blood effectively
heart attack
stroke, or a brain attack
What are the risks to others?
High blood pressure is not contagious and poses no risk to others.
Source
http://www.healthopedia.com/high-blood- ... ntion.html


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